IMPTAM Electron Flux Forecasts at Geosynchronous Orbit

IMPTAM v GOES 13 IMPTAM spectrogram

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Key model publications

  • Ganushkina, N. Yu., T. I. Pulkkinen, and T. Fritz (2005), Role of substorm-associated impulsive electric fields in the ring current development during storms, Ann. Geophys.,23, 579–591, doi:10.5194/angeo-23-579-2005.
  • Ganushkina, N., T. I. Pulkkinen, M. Liemohn, and A. Milillo (2006), Evolution of the proton ring current energy distribution during April 21–25,2001 storm, J. Geophys. Res.,111, A11S08, doi:10.1029/2006JA011609.
  • Ganushkina N. Yu., M. W. Liemohn, and T. I. Pulkkinen (2012), Storm-time ring current: Model-dependent results, Ann. Geophys.,30, 177–202, doi:10.5194/angeo-3-177-2012.