Abstract


  INFERRING FLARE LOOPS PARAMETERS WITH SAUSAGE MODE MEASUREMENTS

  B. Li, Shandong University , BBL@sdu.edu.cn

Standing fast sausage modes in flare loops were suggested to account for a considerable number of quasi-periodic pulsations (QPPs) in the light curves of solar flares. We examine the possibility to invert the measured periods $P$ and damping times $\tau$ of sausage modes to deduce the transverse Alfv\'en time $R/v_{\rm Ai}$, density contrast $\rho_{\rm i}/\rho_{\rm e}$, and the steepness of the density distribution transverse to flare loops. A generic dispersion relation (DR) governing linear sausage modes is derived for pressureless cylinders with rather general transverse density distributions, the only requirement being that the density is uniform beyond some distance from the cylinder. We show that in general the inversion problem is under-determined for QPP events where only a single sausage mode exists, be the measurements spatially resolved or unresolved. While $R/v_{\rm Ai}$ can be inferred to some extent, the range of possible steepness parameters may be too broad to be useful. However, for spatially resolved measurements where an additional mode is present, it is possible to deduce self-consistently $\rho_{\rm i}/\rho_{\rm e}$, the profile steepness, and the internal Alfv\'en speed $v_{\rm Ai}$. We show that at least for a recent QPP event that involves a fundamental kink mode in addition to a sausage one, flare loop parameters are well constrained, even if the specific form of the transverse density distribution remains unknown. We conclude that spatially resolved, multi-mode QPP measurements need to be pursued for inferring flare loop parameters.